About Morocco

 

Geography

 
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Largest City: Casablanca
  • Government: Constitutional Monarchy-
  • King: Mohammed VI    
  • Ethnic Groups: 99.1%Arab-Berber, 0.7% other, 0.2% Jewish
  • Area :total: 446,550 Km² 
  • Population :2015 estimate 33 ,573 , 292

 

The climate and the seasons

The dominant climate in Morocco is Mediterranean, tempered in the West and the North by the Atlantic Ocean. The interior of the country has a more continental climate with major temperature shifts. The Atlas zone is humid with frequent snowing. The southern part has a desert climate. In winter, the climate in the mountainous regions of the South is often cold and humid (abundant snow on the Atlas Mountains).

The average annual sunshine per day in Agadir, Fès, Marrakech and Ouarzazate is more than 8 hours. The average temperature in these cities is above 17° C. Sometimes. Each season has its specific advantages and level of sunshine. Therefore, travel is possible all year round, but spring and autumn are the best seasons to visit the imperial cities like Fès, Meknès and Marrakech.

Visiting in spring

Morocco offers the guaranty of excellent quality sunshine for most of the year. The spring is particularly warm and pleasant. In spring temperatures are around 23-26 °C in Agadir and Marrakech. The trees are in bloom and the mountain peaks still have snow on them… making for fantastic photos.

Visiting in summer

The hot summer temperatures are kept in check on the coast by the sea breeze. On the far side of the upper Atlas mountains, the south of the country experiences high temperatures (38 °C on average). Take advantage of the cool and the exquisite climate of the mountains in summer. For example, as in the Ifrane valley (at 1 650m altitude) with its pastures, woodlands and waterfalls. In Morocco, a suitable climate is never far away, no matter the season!

Visit in winter

The Atlantic and Mediterranean climate provides mild temperatures all year round on the coasts. On the uplands, winter is cold and damp. That is why you can go skiing in the mid-range Atlas mountains which are covered in snow, at the same time that others are swimming in Agadir!

Visit in fall/autumn

This is the season for rest: nights are longer and temperatures fall inland. The winter rains have not yet arrived and it is still pleasant to swim in the sea.

Language

  • Morocco’s official language is Modern Standard Arabic. The distinctive Arabic dialect is called Moroccan Arabic. Although about 30% of the population speak Berber.
  • French is Morocco’s unofficial second language and is taught universally. It is also used as Morocco’s primary language of commerce and economics.
  • A number of people also know English, especially the educated youth.

History

  • Morocco has been inhabited since Neolithic times (8000 BS).
  • Morocco slowly was drawn into the emerging Mediterranean world by trade, and eventually became a part of the Roman Empire. “Christianity was introduced in the second century and gained converts in the towns and among slaves and Berber farmers” .
  • Islamic expansion began in the 7th Century.
  • After the Napoleonic wars, North Africa became increasingly hard to control from Istanbul. Morocco was becoming more appealing to the French and other European countries.
  • The treaty of Fez made Morocco a protectorate of France and Spain in 1912.
  • Nationalist political parties started the up rise of Independence from the French and Spanish. The French then exiled Sultan Mohammed V to Madagascar which continued the nation’s upheaval. Resistance came from the “Liberation Army” in 1955. After, France allowed Mohammed V to return and the process of independence came in the following year.
  • Morocco was actually the first nation to recognize the United States an independent nation in 1787.
  • Morocco is now a constitutional monarchy (de jure) with an elected parliament.
  • The King of Morocco has many executive powers; however, other political parties are legal. The Moroccan constitution provides for a monarchy with a parliament and an independent judiciary (where the highest branch, the supreme court, judges are elected by the King).

Economy

  • Liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand
  • 5th African economy by GDP
  • Large opening towards the outside world
  • The principal pillars of the Moroccan economy :
    • Agriculture
    • Phosphate mining industry 
    • Tourism

Agriculture

  • 40% of the population;
  • 20% of GDP
  • Main products: Barley, wheat, and other cereals .On the Atlantic coast: olives, citrus fruits, and grapes

Phosphate

  • 75% of the world's phosphate reserves
  • World's first exporter and third producer of global production

Tourism

  • Major touristic destination
  • About 10 million tourists in 2010
  • Tourism is increasingly focused on Morocco's culture, such as its ancient cities
  • Popular tourist destination: Marrakech, Fès, Agadir